"Khai-nam" is the Thai word for "water eggs," and the wolffia plants resemble millions of tiny green eggs. It is a tropical and subtropical plant and one of the smallest flowering plants worldwide. Abstract This study aimed to develop a suitable culture system for the mass production of Wolffia globosa for human consump- tion. Wolffia Arrhiza is a rootless floating […] pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Another Wolffia's "talent" is the ability to propagate with incredible speed.I n warm water and under bright light each plant can double its size every 2 days, r apidly taking over any surface of water. They contain about 40 percent protein (dry weight), about the same protein content as soy beans. This substance is toxic fresh and, if eaten, makes the mouth, tongue and throat feel as if hundreds of small needles are digging in to them. Commonly called watermeal or (mistakenly) duckweed, these aquatic plants resemble specks of cornmeal floating on the water. We will not sell or share your email address. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Published online. Thai woman harvesting "khai-nam" (Wolffia globosa) from a duckweed pond in Thailand. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Some duckweeds are introduced into freshwater aquariums and ponds where they may spread rapidly. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. It grows well in calm bodies of water and provides food and shelter for thousands of species. Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a family where most of the members contain calcium oxalate crystals. Amazingly, Wolffia, also possesses the vitamin B12, making Wolffia one of the few non-animal sources of the vitamin(1). The plant is prolific in its reproduction, growing in floating mats that can be harvested every 3 to 4 days; it has been shown to double its population in less than four days in vitro. A rare native of southern Britain, growing in still waters[17 ]. They are equivalent in nutrient density to … Hartog. For more information about QR Codes click here. Wolffia globosa (Roxb.) Here are a few ways you can use Mankai: Pop a frozen cube into a fruit smoothie. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. This means that anabaena is not a contaminant and provides some metabolic benefit to its host (possibly sugars and/or immune responses). Blumea 18: 367; 1970 . More interesting facts about Wolffia is below in the links and video below: * Biofuel, Omega-3's (ALA's), and No Land Use needed. It is also useful as a form of agricultural and municipal water treatment. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Accessed Nov. 11 2018. Wolffia globosa. We are currently updating this section. Sometimes it is cited as an overlooked source for application as a food for a hungry world that produces more protein than soybeans. Wolffia globosa, commonly known as Khai Nam or Water-Eggs, is a very small aquatic herb with free floating fronds. The Plant List 2013. Wolffia globosa - (Roxb.) Araceae. Edible Parts: LeavesEdible Uses: Leaves - cooked. Wolffia. The edible leaves have an excellent flavor and are very nutritious. Hartog. It over-winters in temperate areas by means of resting buds which sink to the bottom of the pond in the late autumn and rise again in the spring[200 ]. Wolffia globosa is an evergreen Perennial at a fast rate. Its flavor is similar to sweet cabbage. These plants are the fastest growing angiosperms (Sree et al., 2015; Ziegler et al., 2015) and may cover ponds or lakes within a few days under favorable growth conditions. The family name of this plant is Araceae which comes under the order Alismatales (Water plantains). You can unsubscribe at anytime. Duckweed is an important high-protein food source for waterfowl and also is eaten by humans in some parts of Southeast Asia (as khai-nam). Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Water lentils (also known as lemnoideae, lemna minor, wolffia globosa, water lenses, duckweed protein) are a complete food, so they contain everything from vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants to plant protein to dietary fiber! Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. How to say wolffia globosa in English? 2018. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Wolffia Arrhiza is one of the free-floating aquatic plants mostly found in the area of Pennsylvania. It grows well in calm bodies of water and provides food and shelter for thousands of species. Wolffia globosa in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Duckweed is the common name for any of 11 species of aquatic plant, known scientifically as Wolffia. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.None known. Published on the internet. In Thailand, the species used for human c… If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Pronunciation of wolffia globosa with 1 audio pronunciation and more for wolffia globosa. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Common Name: Khai Nam. There are probably many more species of plants that possess B12 as a result of symbiosis (still being researched). A method of increasing biomass yield of a Wolffia culture per unit growth medium essentially without formation of turions is provided. It has one stamen and one pistil. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. The plant itself averages 1/42″ long and 1/85″ wide or about the size of one candy sprinkle. 2. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. This introduction may be deliberate or unintended and o… & Plas. Commonly called watermeal or duckweed, these aquatic plants resemble specks of cornmeal floating on the water. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Let’s start with Wolffia globosa which is used as a vegetable in Burma, Laos and Thailand. It is a cultivated vegetable crop in Laos, Burma, and Thailand. Wolffia is a genus of duckweed which are considered the world's smallest of flowering plants (angiosperms). More >>>. Wolffia globosa (Roxburgh) Den Hartog and Van der Plas Tropical Watermeal. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. It over-winters in temperate areas by means of resting buds which sink to the bottom of the pond in the late autumn and rise again in the spring[200 ]. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Wolffia globosa, or watermeal, is native to Asia but is also found in the Americas. However, calcium oxalate is easily broken down either by thoroughly cooking the plant or by fully drying it and, in either of these states, it is safe to eat the plant. Add a frozen cube or two when cooking a soup. * Important announcements and news Thus, we attempted to express a protective edible vaccine antigen against fish vibriosis in nuclear-transformed Wolffia. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Blend a partially thawed cube or two into a pesto sauce. You will receive a range of benefits including: Reports for the uses of this plant are often wrongly cited under Wolffia arrhiza[301 ]. Tropical areas of Africa and Asia, widely naturalised in other warm regions of the world. Wolffia species are free-floating thalli, green or yellow-green, and without roots. If available other names are mentioned here. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rootless duckweed (Wolffia) is a tiny, edible aquatic plant possessing characteristics suitable for the utilization as a bioreactor. Wolffia, which has the smallest blossom in the world, reproduces quickly making it a sustainable crop if the water is wholesome, which is a significant problem. Angiosperms. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The flower is produced in a depression on the top surface of the plant body. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Overall, postprandial glucose levels from the shake administration until the next morning were lower in the Wolffia globosa Mankai green shake compared with the yogurt shake (P < 0.001). The plants grow quickly and take up large amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus from the water. Wolffia is a genus of 9 to 11 species which include the smallest flowering plants on Earth. *, Wolffia globosa: Source: https://alchetron.com/Wolffia, Wolffia globosa, or watermeal, is native to Asia but is also found in the Americas. For pond owners, duckweed is seen as a real nuisance. Shape of Plant Body: Ovoid or ellipsoid-cylindrical (longer than wide) and transparent green throughout (some populations may contain … Araceae + Synonyms. Right plant wrong place. An excellent flavour, they taste somewhat like a sweet cabbage[183 ]. It is in leaf all year, in flower all year, and the seeds ripen all year. Andrey Zharkikh from Salt Lake City, USA wikimedia.org. Experts say plant proteins have additional health benefits that include anti-inflammatory characteristics. Their daily menu consisted of 100 grams of frozen Wolffia globosa cubes that were taken in the form of a green plant-based protein shake. Africa, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Burma, Cambodia, China, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, North America, Pacific, Pakistan, Philippines, SE Asia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Blend or whisk a thawed cube into pancake or waffle batter that serves 4. Description: Roots: None. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Least Concern. * Exclusive content not on the website Wolffia globosa (Roxb.) A pond plant, it requires a sunny position in still water that is rich in nitrates and lime[200 ]. A pond plant, it requires a sunny position in still water that is rich in nitrates and lime[200 ]. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 11. International Plant Names Index. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. All plant pages have their own unique code. Due to its ability to take up nutrients, it is considered quite nutritious, in fact, that it has been dubbed by some as a … Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Khai nae, Khai-nam, Kipum, Mijinko-uki-kusa, Wu gen ping, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Type: INDIA: While the world is extensively looking for alternatives to animal protein sources, it is not clear which plant sources can provide the requisite full complement of essential amino acids (EAAs). The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Wolffia .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Indeed, if you search for duckweed online, you are more likely to come across articles about how to get rid of the stuff than articles about how to cook it. Hartog & Plas; Wolffia globosa (Roxb.) In the wild, duckweeds tend to grow in poor water. These smallest vascular plants will grow in the area of nutrient-rich ponds with inert or little flow. Floating on quiet waters[204 ]. Researchers in Israel have created a high protein yielding duckweed called Mankai which has proven to offer a variety of health benefits. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. This study is not the first to note the surprising nutritional value of duckweed. Due to its ability to take up nutrients, it is considered quite nutritious, in fact, that it has been dubbed by some as a, Lentein Protein Powder made from Wolffia: Image Source: Science Daily, Amazingly, Wolffia, also possesses the vitamin. The shake was intended to replace animal protein. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. These pl… Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Easy cultivation, high yield and nutritional value made Wolffia an important food source for people of South-east Asia, where it is harvested and eaten. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones and hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet[238 ]. 3. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. & Plas. I live in a part of Thailand where duckweed has long been consumed by humans. W. globosa was grown in five different culture systems (static, vertical aeration, horizontal surface agitation, system with top water … However, it has been known for some time that the Wolffia genus have a symbiotic relationship with the cyanobiont, Anabaena azollae. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. This bacteria is actually photosynthetic and produces B12 (2). Wolffia globosa, or watermeal, is native to Asia but is also found in the Americas. Citation: WOLFFIA GLOBOSA (Roxburgh) Hartog & Plas, Blumea 18: 367. Wolffia has been used for centuries as a food source; and more recently, it has been noticed and used for its ability to efficiently take up excess nutrients from bodies of water; thus helping to clean up waterways. Due to its ability to take up nutrients, it is considered quite nutritious, in fact, that it has been dubbed by some as a vegetable meatball. Water lentils are small flowering plants that grow on the surface of fresh water. Wolffia globosa - Mankai plant-based protein contains bioactive vitamin B12 and is well absorbed in humans Published in. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. To find B12 in the tissues of plants hints that it was either taken up by the plant or somehow produced in the plants (like how B12 producing bacteria are in animal host's guts for instance). Wolffia globosa is an aquatic, edible duckweed, the smallest plant on earth, and it offers all nine EAAs, dietary fibers, polyphenols, iron, zinc and B 12 vitamin. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. As reported in the ISCDRA report by Sree and Appenroth (2016), water lentils – and especially species of the Wolffia genus – have been traditionally consumed globally as a component of a nutritious human diet in a variety of meals or snacks. Wolffia arrhiza is an evergreen Perennial. People following the "green" Mediterranean diet ate higher quantities of plant matter, including 100 grams of frozen cubes of wolffia globosa, a plant-based protein, in a … This ability also makes it a highly nutritious plant. Individuals often float together in pairs or form floating mats with related plants, such as Lemna and Spirodelaspecie… The method comprising subjecting the culture to volumetric cultivation conditions such that the Wolffia plant of the Wolffia culture grows … 5% fat and are rich in vitamins A, B2, B6, C and nicotinic acid[183 ]. Reports for the uses of this plant are often wrongly cited under Wolffia arrhiza… No plant part is of medicinal use. 1. Duckweeds represent a small family of aquatic floating monocots consisting of 37 species distributed all over the world (Landolt, 1986; Sree et al., 2016). Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Of course, this is where the name, duckweed, comes from. It is packed with nutrients such as nine essential amino acids, dietary fibers, polyphenols, iron, and zinc. Hartog & Plas is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Wolffia (family Araceae). Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The Plant List. Background & aims: While the world is extensively looking for alternatives to animal protein sources, it is not clear which plant sources can provide the requisite full complement of essential amino acids (EAAs). Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils. CONCLUSIONS Wolffia globosa Mankai duckweed may serve as an emerging alternative plant protein source with potential beneficial postprandial glycemic effects. An aquatic plant, it floats upon the surface of still or slowly flowing water[183. var s = '' This QR Code is unique to this page. Seed - we have no information on this species but, since it can spread rapidly by division, it really needs no extra help once it is in a pond. It grows well in calm bodies of water and provides food and shelter for thousands of species. Harvesting Wolffia globosa In Thailand. For a list of references used on this page please go here Water lentils (also known as lemnoideae, lemna minor, wolffia globosa, water lenses, duckweed protein) are a high source of Vitamin A, B Vitamins, iron, and calcium, and an excellent source of antioxidants. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Wolffia arrhiza is among the smallest plants in the world; if you swipe your hand through a pond of it, your fingertips will come away covered in hundreds of individual tiny plants. Basionym: Lemna globosa Roxburgh 1832. A Wolffia globosa-based shake replacing dinner resulted in lower next-morning fasting glucose levels (83.2 ± 0.8 vs. 86.6 ± 13 mg/dL; P = 0.041). It is frequently observed that animals, such as ducks, swans, or geese, feed on duckweeds growing naturally in ponds or lakes. With Wolffia being such a proliferious water plant, it is an abdundant and natural source of vitamin B12. The floating plant, growing with the much larger Spirodela polyrhiza ... General Information Khai Nam is one of the smallest flowering plants in the world. An Israeli startup, Green Onyx, is working on a standalone duckweed appliance. Wolffia is a genus of nine to 11 species which include the smallest flowering plants on Earth. 1970. Wolffia globosa in The Plant List Version 1.1. The leaves are very nutritious, containing about 20% protein, 44% carbohydrate. Bacteria and some fungi are the only lifeforms we know of that produce biologically active B12. Species are free-floating thalli, green or yellow-green, and without roots released soon is Shrubs. For a Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the water plant label poster. 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'' is the accepted name of a species in the PFAF database identified having... Not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants a proliferious water plant, it a... And lime [ 200 ] about 40 percent protein ( dry weight ), about the same protein as... Information on a subset of plants that possess B12 as a form of green! A protective edible vaccine antigen against fish vibriosis in nuclear-transformed Wolffia: agroecosystems perennial! Fast rate they are equivalent in nutrient density to … Harvesting Wolffia globosa commonly! Plants will grow in very alkaline soils mass production of Wolffia.Click below on a thumbnail map name. Acid [ 183 website on their phone and take up large amounts nitrogen.
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