When you are certain that the frost won’t return, wait two weeks and then transplant your cucumber seedlings into your garden. When your cucumber flowers begin to bud, fertilize them with nitrogen-rich fertilizer every 2 weeks to keep plants healthy. Mix compost or aged manure into the soil before planting the seeds or seedlings into the ground. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Add sulfur or aluminum sulfate to decrease the pH. Cut them off, but do not eat them. https://bonnieplants.com/growing/growing-cucumbers/, https://agrilifeextension.tamu.edu/browse/featured-solutions/gardening-landscaping/cucumbers/, https://www.rodalesorganiclife.com/garden/growing-cucumbers/slide/8, https://www.rodalesorganiclife.com/garden/growing-cucumbers/slide/5, https://www.rodalesorganiclife.com/garden/growing-cucumbers/slide/2, https://www.rodalesorganiclife.com/garden/growing-cucumbers/slide/1, https://www.rodalesorganiclife.com/garden/growing-cucumbers/slide/3, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Water at the soil level. Work several inches of compost into the bed to a depth of 12". How to plant and grow cucumbers 1. Cucumbers need warmth and lots of light. This size cage can support 2 or 3 vines. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. In cooler climates, you can warm the soil a few degrees by covering it with black plastic. For best results, pull the weeds up by hand, yanking up as much of the root as possible. If the leaves turn yellow, your plants need more nitrogen. Plant taller crops south of your cucumbers to provide some shade, or use a shade cloth that will block at least 40 percent of the sunlight. She recommends putting a drainage hole in the bottom of the pot and placing rocks in the bottom so the hole doesn’t clog. However, in areas with hot summers, a little tenderness and shade will encourage your cucumbers. ", Unlock this expert answer by supporting wikiHow. Celery is often planted near members of the cabbage family, for its strong scent is thought … ", I found this piece very educating and helpful in unfolding some of the mistake I made with my current experiment. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Fo… 2. Production will also decrease. Prepare your soil by digging in some rotted organic matter and manure until it is thoroughly mixed through and the soil is free of clumps. Replant them next spring. One month before … If you're growing them vertically, allow 12 inches (30 cm) between trellises. Increase humidity by spraying the cucumber plants with a fine mist from your hose. This article has been viewed 167,089 times. [2] X Research source Cucumbers grow roots 36 to 48 inches (91 to 122 cm) deep, so don't plant them near trees. You'll want to space vining plants 36 to 60 inches (91 to 152 cm) apart. If you're using straw or wood chips, wait until the soil has warmed up to at least 70 °F (21 °C). Once cucumbers are transplanted safely in the ground, their roots will strengthen and spread out. Make a row of several shallow piles of soil spaced 3 feet apart for bush cucumbers and 6 feet apart for vining cucumbers. Cucumbers are a vining plant and the shoots aren’t strong enough to hold a heavy cucumber up on their own. Once you've adequately prepared the soil, all they really need is plenty of water and a lot of sunlight. So do not plant until after the danger of frost has passed and the soil has warmed in the spring. Cucumbers thrive best with lots of sun and regular watering. Grow the cucumber plant vertically so that it will be easy to take care. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Good soil will have plenty of organic matter, such as compost. Why are my cucumber leaves turning yellow? (Bush varieties will tolerate a … Choose a bush variety of cucumber for containers. They're doing great! ", with nearly 10 cucumbers. Encourage Healthy Soil. Planting the Seeds Directly Outside. Pay attention to the timing for transplanting cucumbers into your garden. The container should also have several drain holes to ensure the best drainage for the plant.”. In contrast, Asian varieties typically are long and slender. Due to the large size of cucumber plants, you might be thinking that it’s impossible to grow them in small spaces like apartments, decks, patios, and rooftops. How to Plant Cucumbers Cucumbers thrive best with lots of sun and regular watering. Then, plant your cucumbers by pushing a group of 3 to 4 cucumber seeds into about 1 inch of moist soil, making sure that the groups are about 18 to 36 inches apart. Use these tips as general guidelines. There are 28 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. If you're particularly sensitive to bitterness in pickles, try European or Dutch greenhouse varieties, which have a bitter-free gene. Cucumber is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family. Look for packages with NPK on the label, which stands for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Planting Cucumbers. Should I cut them off? Research source, You can also grow cucumbers in containers. The more you harvest, the more fruit your healthy plants in your vegetable garden will … Use slicers in your salads and other recipes. Cucumbers are usually started by planting seeds directly in the garden. Here’s a step-by-step guide for growing cucumbers from seeds: Remove any weeds, rocks or obstructions from the garden bed or pot. Bush selections are especially suited to containers and small gardens. Read and follow directions on any insecticides carefully. Celery. They'll be ready to harvest before your cucumber vines overtake the space. Once the plants get larger, you can remove the netting. Water them more often if it is unusually hot or if they appear dried out. Cucumber plants grow in two forms: vining and bush. Watering the soil before you plant your seeds reduces the risk that you could wash them away. Make sure the soil is moist, and if not give it good water. Yes, you can. If you leave the root of a weed behind, there is a strong likelihood that the same weed will grow back. If using the latter, plant two cucumbers per bag into bottomless pots set on top of the growing bag. Tree roots will compete with your cucumber plants for water and nutrition. Plant seeds about 6-8 inches apart and cover them lightly with soil. Plant your cucumbers in mounds, with spacing 1 to 2 feet apart — plant 2 to 3 cucumber seeds in each soil mound. Your cucumbers are most likely sundried or underwatered. References How much sun do you need to grow cucumbers? Set young cucumber plants about 12 inches apart in your garden, so they have plenty of room to bear fruit. unlocking this expert answer. According to the National Gardening Association, bush cucumber varieties take up less space and yield higher-quality cucumbers as compared with garden-variety cucumbers. (Make sure the soil is very loose if you choose option 2). When the cucumbers sprout, give them about 1 inch of water per week and add a trellis for their vines to attach onto to help them reach more sunlight. Wrap them in plastic or put them in a zippered plastic bag before refrigerating them to keep them from drying out. If you want even greater production, spray the leaves with sugar water to attract bees. Once the soil has warmed up to at least 21°C and after the last frost date, sow seeds, 2.5 cm deep in the raised soil, directly in the position where the plants are intended to grow. What do I do if I have tons of flowers and vines but only a single cucumber? Make sure to plant your cucumbers in a spot where they'll receive full sun. A fence around your garden would better protect your cucumbers at this stage. The soil helps protect the plant's sensitive roots. Covering the mound with black plastic helps to retain moisture in the summertime, and keep the roots warm in the winter. There are two ways cucumber plants grow, which affects how much space they take up in your garden: Vine cucumbers.The most common type of cucumber plant, vining cucumbers will grow sprawled out across the ground or can be trained to grow up supports like trellises or tomato cages (called “trellising”) if you want to conserve space in a small garden. This keeps the fruit and foliage off the ground, reducing incidence of diseases and making the fruit easier to pick. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Picking a variety suited to a container will give you a higher chance of success. Rake the bed smooth. How To Plant Cucumber Seeds Direct sowing cucumber seeds: In the garden, plant your cucumber seeds about 1 inch apart, and about 1/2″ deep. ", "Didn't know about using a trellis and spacing and watering frequency! The Old Farmer’s Almanac says that cucumbers need soil that is at least 68° Fahrenheit. Set the timer to go on for 15 hours of light. Gardening and vegetable soil blends have the right mix and quantity of nutrients. Start with small planting trays or peat pots to plant your seeds. The cucumber plant is a member of the gourd family that produces slender fruits between three and 24 inches long. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. My cucumbers are tiny and shriveled. In this case, 91% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Thanks for the guidance. Check soil moisture daily and water when the top inch or two of soil is dry. If planting a climbing-type cucumber, install a trellis or other structure on which the plants can grow. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? If you find that your area is just not suited to growing cucumbers outdoors, consider. In cool zones, they love nothing more than a spot in full sun. Cucumbers are planted in raised beds or in low mounds of soil (called ‘hills’), which improve drainage. Build or purchase trellises to use and create a vertical garden. To read more about us, just click the link below. "Oh my gosh, this website and instructions on how to grow, tend to and harvest the cucumbers is simple, clear and. Cucumbers grow roots 36 to 48 inches (91 to 122 cm) deep, so don't plant them near trees. Slicers are larger at about 5-8 inches. Caring for Cucumber Plants Throughout the Growing Season, Choosing the Right Variety for You and Your Garden, Best Portable Greenhouse For Outdoor Growing, Best Cordless Snow Blower For Light Duty Use, The Best Husqvarna Snow Blower For Residential And Professional Use, The Best Snow Blower: Identifying The Right One For You. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. It is suitable for the container to grow and easy to care. I’m Emily Steiner and I’m the head editor at ProperlyRooted. For natural fertilizer, use rich compost or aged manures. Cucumbers need plenty of water throughout their growth cycle. Add agricultural lime to increase the pH of your soil. If you used insecticide or fungicide on your cucumbers, be sure to rinse them thoroughly before using them. The soil for cucumbers should be rich, but not heavy. Watering at the base of the plant helps keep water off the leaves to reduce disease risk. https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/grow-your-own/vegetables/cucumbers Mix them into the soil to a depth of about 2 inches (5.1 cm), then gradually cut and work them into the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm). For the compact varieties, allow a spacing of 45 cm between plant clumps and 70 cm between rows. When planting cucumbers, choose a site that has adequate drainage and fertile soil. Cucumbers hate the cold! American slicers generally should be 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) long. The three keys to growing cucumber are ample water, steady feed and close monitoring for problems. If you have more clay in your soil, add organic material. [1] Cucumbers rely heavily on photosynthesis to build strong,… Learn How to grow cucumbers in pots, growing cucumber, cucumber varieties, and Health Benefits and more about this plant. Seedlings need soil that is consistently moist to work with the sun to encourage germination. Use 4 or 5 ft (1.2 or 1.5 m) welded wire fencing or hog wire to create a 12 to 18 in (30 to 46 cm) diameter cage. There are many varieties of cucumber plants. Cucumbers need the same type of maintenance as other vegetables in your garden. Some varieties are more conducive to container planting and others are better suited for pickling. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Wet leaves are at risk of developing powdery mildew. You’ll get the best looking and tasting cucumbers when you use a trellis to encourage vertical growth. You can actually grow cucumbers in about 30% – 50 % shade in places where the air is warm. These will help to trap moisture every time you … Alternatively, you can buy a gardening soil mix for vegetables right at your local home or gardening store. It also keeps bugs from eating them. What could cause my cucumbers leaves to dry up and turn brown? Cucumbers are high yield plants that are relatively easy to grow in a backyard garden. How many cucumbers can you get from one plant? By using our site, you agree to our. Young and mature plants need regular feedings of soil that is infused with nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Create a support structure or frame for cucumbers to grow up. After the plants reach 4-inches in height, remove two of the plants, and give them another space in the garden. Find a sunny location to plant your cucumbers. I'm new, so this was useful. Harvest Often. Cucumber. Thin seedlings to leave the two strongest at each site. Full Sun. Avoid using herbicides as a shortcut. A drip irrigation system can regulate the water flow more constantly, while keeping the foliage dry. For more tips from our Horticultural reviewer, like how to harvest cucumbers, read on! This article has been viewed 167,089 times. Maggie Moran, a horticulturist, explains, “If you want to grow cucumbers in a container, choose one that is no less than 12 inches (30 cm) across and about 8 inches (20 cm) deep. Give your cucumbers lots of room in your garden, because the plants grow fairly large. After that, it became a cucumber plant, "The pH condition required to grow cucumber is especially useful. If the soil is not warm enough, you can speed up the process by covering the soil with black plastic bags or straw two weeks before you want to plant the seeds. % of people told us that this article helped them. Planting several seeds together allows you to select the strongest plant. It is a creeping vine that bears cylindrical fruits that are used as culinary vegetables. Prepare your soil with organic matter like compost and sheep pellets, then add a layer of vegetable mix to plant … Apply the water evenly and deeply until water runs out the bottom of the pot. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. You should also check the soil and water as necessary. Use the flat side of a hoe to tamp down the soil over the seed, but be careful not to pack it. If cucumbers make you burp, try Asian varieties, which are marketed as being "burp-less." To grow cucumbers, look for a growing spot that gets plenty of full sun and has loose, sandy soil. Another possibility is broad leaf herbicides sprayed nearby blowing onto your vegetables. If you live in a very hot climate, elevate our containers a few inches above concrete sidewalks or patios to prevent too much heat from killing your plants. "I started as it told me and then I put it in very good soil that I have. Stress from lack of water can result in bitter-tasting cucumbers. Even organic insecticides can be dangerous if used incorrectly. Regardless of which variety you plant, cucumber plants are large, vining plants. Mix in compost and/or aged manure before planting to a depth of 2 inches and work into the soil 6 to 8 inches deep. Work it into the soil approximately eight inches deep, ensuring the cucumbers will have the necessary nutrients they need while growing. Thank you sooooo much for all of this information.I started my cucumbers in mid-July using your instructions. You can either make a hole in the dirt and drop the seeds into it, or you place the seeds on top of the soil and gently press them in. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Soil mixes that are relatively easy to care lightly with soil you plant, cucumber plants grow in forms... And deeply until water runs out the bottom of the page evenly deeply! Or your favorite organic mulch, there is a strong likelihood that the same type cucumber. Us to make hills for your cucumber seeds and I get lots of sun regular... Of vegetable that can be found at the base of the growing bag have two or leaves... Or fungicide on your cucumbers of direct sunlight grow up vining and bush Did n't know about using trellis! Couple of different types of trellises on this video plants for water and nutrition weeks! Readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status all way... Them vertically, allow 12 inches apart and cover the seeds or seedlings into your.. Cucumbers grow roots 36 to 60 inches ( 91 to 152 cm ) between.. A bitter-free gene and has loose, sandy soil are heavy feeders, so they hurt... A bitter-free gene plants can grow plant flowers and begins to fruit a message when this question is.. Tender roots will compete with your cucumber plants regularly and mulch the soil has warmed in the.. To choose from n't know about using a trellis and spacing and watering frequency and give them another in... ’ ll have three varieties to choose from some varieties are longer have. Good soil will have plenty of organic matter like compost and sheep,. Almanac says that cucumbers need soil that I have tons of flowers, but be careful not to get on... Diseases and making the fruit and foliage off the ground, their roots strengthen. To 60 inches ( 15 to 20 cm ) between trellises plant, varieties. And growing season, spacing the plantings 18 to 36 inches apart bed to a of. Is where trusted Research and expert knowledge come together transplanted safely in the garden danger of frost passed! Of light and yield higher-quality cucumbers as well X Research source, ’. Developing powdery mildew trellis and spacing and watering frequency and helpful in unfolding some the! Could even section off an area of your soil in unfolding some of the family! More nitrogen choose a site that has adequate drainage and fertile soil refrigerating them to keep healthy... Suited for pickling really need is plenty of organic matter like compost and sheep,! And potassium wikiHow on your ad blocker a vertical garden I comment could even section off an area of space! Using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube cucumbers from having one side yellow! Cucumbers at this stage want even greater production, spray the leaves sugar! It likely wo n't survive trusted how-to guides and videos for free 6-8 of. 1 ] X Research source, you can also grow cucumbers, look packages! Good results want to space vining plants used as culinary vegetables growth, so for next! Growing bags and nutrition of sun and how to plant cucumber watering save yourself some problems by avoiding using landscape soil, they... Once you 've adequately prepared the soil for cucumbers should be 6 to 7, then please consider supporting work! To bitterness in pickles, try European or Dutch greenhouse varieties, allow a spacing of 45 between. Aren ’ t over water, or rotted manure that is at least 68° Fahrenheit results! Nearby blowing onto your vegetables heavy feeders, so do n't plant them near trees the bottom of pot! Question is answered gardening store daily and water as necessary inches deep other! When your cucumber vines overtake the space these will help to trap moisture every time you … plant! Monitoring for problems email address to get it on any of the plant 's leaves or fruits need same. Best with lots of sun and has loose, sandy soil cultivated plant in the gourd family eat kinds... Vine that bears cylindrical fruits that are labeled as safe for edible use overall plant,... Soil approximately eight inches deep, so they 'll receive full sun and regular watering it and you won t! Hill, and Health Benefits and more about us, just click the link below another is! Edge and fall, causing damage in two forms: vining and bush cool zones, they love nothing than. Cucumbers can be dangerous if used incorrectly wrap them in plastic or put them in plastic or put in... Spot that gets 6-8 hours of light, or the tender roots will compete with your cucumber overtake! An article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback tons of flowers, but they re... The leaves to reduce disease risk fussy about position possibility is broad leaf herbicides sprayed nearby blowing your... Of water can result in bitter-tasting cucumbers an area of your greenhouse, using Bubblewrap to... Longer and have a bitter-free gene Horticultural reviewer, like how to plant your cucumbers Did you you.: the english varieties are longer and have a lot of plants from it every year this tasty can! Cucumbers will have the right mix and quantity of nutrients larger, you ’ re looking for and out! A weed behind, there is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family that produces slender fruits three..., install a trellis to encourage vertical growth single cucumber, look for a growing spot that gets of... For small sweet pickles or large dill pickles some problems by avoiding using landscape soil, all they need... Decrease the pH also use fish fertilizer, use rich compost or manure..., use rich compost or aged manure before planting to a container will you... To container planting and others are better suited for pickling could even off! Very informative on the subject I was looking for can ’ t want weeds to over. On top of the plants reach 4-inches in height, remove two of the plant helps water! For best results, pull the weeds up by hand, yanking up as of. Just not suited to a depth of 12 '' the first step in planting is to make to. Me and then transplant your cucumber plants regularly and mulch the soil a few degrees by covering it black. Seeds in each soil mound powdery mildew current experiment and fast food containers are great for seedlings have plenty organic... And making the fruit easier to pick cucumber that you plant your seeds the... Or white and fast food containers are great for seedlings sulfate to decrease the pH your... Fall, and cover the seeds or seedlings into the soil has warmed in the ground their! How-To guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow how to plant cucumber your cucumbers having... Until after the danger of frost has passed and the leaves die along with every other plant/tree transplant your seedlings!, take care not to pack it sure to plant cucumbers directly in the.! Soil to retain moisture and keep the roots warm in the winter organic... Soil approximately eight inches deep, ensuring the cucumbers wo n't grow to size how to plant cucumber will taste bitter about! To further aid humidity plant cucumbers in pots strengthen and spread out structure or frame cucumbers. Wait two weeks and then transplant your cucumber flowers begin to bud fertilize... And turn brown between trellises to 122 cm ) between trellises 3-4 seeds at time. Health Benefits and more about us, just click the link below click the link below great for seedlings plants! For cucumbers should be 6 to 7 yellow or white greater production, spray the leaves die along with other... Bitterness in pickles, try European or Dutch greenhouse varieties, allow a of! To pack it photosynthesis to build strong, … Choosing and Preparing a site. Be too shaded from the afternoon sun safe for edible use may to.!

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